Sg 109, sold under the brand name Soma, has been identified as Carisoprodol 350 mg, used to treat musculoskeletal pain. It belongs to a class of drugs called skeletal muscle relaxants. The drug was approved for medical use in the United States in 1959.
Carisoprodol is categorized as a schedule IV controlled substance under the Controlled Substance Act (CSA). ScieGen Pharmaceuticals, Inc. supply this medication.
On 1 June 1959, several American pharmacologists convened at Wayne State University in Detroit to discuss the new drug. It was initially thought that the drug had antiseptic properties, but it had central muscle-relaxing effects.
Frank Berger developed it from Wallace Laboratories and named it Carisoprodol. It is a modification of meprobamate that was meant to have better muscle relaxing properties, less potential for addiction, and lower odds of overdose.
One hydrogen atom has been switched out with an isopropyl group on one carbamyl nitro line, which gave Sg 109 new pharmacological effects (Goldstein, P.A., 2016).
Medical uses of Sg 109
Sg 109 if used along with rest, therapies & other measures to relax muscles after strains, sprains & injuries. It is used for the short term to treat muscle pain and discomfort—the medication works by relaxing the muscles.
Dosages for Sg 109
The recommended dose of Sg 109 is 250-350 mg thrice daily, while the duration of the treatment is up to 2 to 3 weeks. To avoid withdrawal symptoms, Sg 109 should be discontinued gradually if it has been used for a longer duration.
Dosage for muscle pain
- Carisoprodol dosages For adults (17 to 64 years) – 250-350 mg, thrice a day & at bedtime. The daily dose should not exceed 1400mg/day.
- For children (up to 16 years) – the use of Sg 109 is not recommended for children younger than 17 years.
- For older adults (65 years & older) – The use of sg 109 is not recommended for people of this age group.
Sg 109 warnings
The drugs come with several warnings:
Allergy warning: Sg 109 can lead to severe allergic reactions & its symptoms may include trouble breathing & swelling of your throat tongue.
Alcohol interaction warning: Sg 109 can make you feel drowsy & beverages containing alcohol can make your drowsiness worse. If you are habitual to alcohol, it is always recommended to consult your healthcare physician whether Sg 109 is safe for you.
Warnings for people with a certain health condition:
For people with porphyria: Avoid taking Sg 109 as it can worsen your health condition.
For people with an enzyme (CYP2C19) that’s works slowly: The CYP2C19 helps your body process Sg 109. A genetic mutation causes the enzyme to process more slowly, which results in higher levels of Sg 109 in your body. It increases the risk of severe side effects.
For people with liver problems: Sg 109 is processed in your through your liver. If your liver functions improperly, your body may process this drug deliberately & this can result in more side effects.
For people with kidney problems: Sg 109 is cleared from your body by kidneys. If your kidneys functions improperly, your body may remove this slowly, which may also increase the risk of side effects. To prevent this, your healthcare professional may prescribe you a lower dosage of this drug.
Warnings for other groups
For pregnant women: Sg 109 is a category C pregnant drug, which can lead to adverse effects on the fetus when the mother consumes the drug.
For women who are breastfeeding: Sg 109 may pass into breast milk & may result in side effects in the infant. The drug may also result in decreasing the amount of milk your body makes.
Side effects of Sg 109
Some of the most common side effects of Sg 109 are:
- Inability to sleep
- Abnormal heart beat
Serious side effects of Sg 109 may include:
- Serious allergic reactions
- Low blood pressure
Sg 109 is a controlled substance. Individuals may become dependent on Sg 109 & withdrawal after a long-term may lead to withdrawal symptoms. Hence, it is always recommended to consult your healthcare associate whether this medication is safe for you!. Hence a proper prescription should be available while ordering somas online through licensed pharmacies, please check the sites are providing FDA approved medicine. (MacDonald 2021)